Visnyk LNAU: Architecture and Farm Building 2018 №19: 151-154
MAINTENANCE AND RESTORATION OF THE BEST EXAMPLES OF ESTATES AND PALACES OF WESTERN UKRAINE
V. Smolynets, assistant
Lviv National Agrarian University
The methods and methods of restoration and maintenance of estates of Western Ukraine are analyzed, as well as objects of foreign models of garden architecture are considered, examples of adaptation to modern needs.
The study of the estates of Western Ukraine and Ukraine in general, which are now in an abandoned state. The issue of the violation of the law on silent ob-servation, such as the castles, the glorious estates of our ancestors, is being de-stroyed only because of the fact that somewhere the roof failed, or it was torn by the wind, somewhere the acid rains destroy and wash the walls. The scarce funds that are allocated are not sufficient for an integrated approach to restoration and maintenance, which usually allows the work to begin, without putting an end to what has been started, it is a decisive factor, as well as an occasion for speculation and, ultimately, thoughtless waste of resources.
The historical experience of development and characteristic features of farmsteads in the west of Ukraine are considered. Often this is a fortification with a mansion, small fortresses or fortified castle estates. Examples of manor fortifica-tions include Olesko, Zbarazh, Zolochivsky Castle, Olika (Radziwill), Pidhirtsi (Pidhirtsi castle)
The buildings of castles in Pidhirtsi, Svirzhy and Olesko are analyzed. Pidhirtsi castle is restored; the halls are mostly closed to visitors. The castle is completely unprofitable for the state. The program of the restoration of Pidhirtsi castle, which was taken under the patronage of former President V. Yushchenko, is practically frozen, and the funds are spent on conservation and maintenance of personnel.
The best situation in the Oleska castle, where there is a permanent exposition visited by tourists who leave enough money for the commercial profitability of institutions located in the castle.
The experience of Western Europe was considered, and its own analysis was analyzed. For a better understanding of the problems of reconstruction and resto-ration of Ukrainian estates before the Soviet era of Western Ukraine.
manor houses, castles, villas, restoration, architectural monument, restoration
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