Visnyk LNAU: Agronomy 2018 №22(2): 148-150
BIOLOGICAL AND ECOLOGICAL FEATURES OF СOMMON CARP (СYPRINUS CARPIO L.) IN AQUATIC ECOSYSTEMS AND AQUACULTURE
Bahday T., Candidate of Agricultural Sciences
Panas N., Candidate of Biological Sciencess
Kachmar N., Candidate of Agricultural Sciences
Lviv National Agrarian University
AnnotationReview article is devoted to analysis of scientific literature and the results of authors research on biological and ecological characteristics of common carp (Cyprinus carpio L.). Carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) is a widespread representative of the Cyprinidae family, the largest family of freshwater bony fish. According to distribution in aquatic ecosystems, this is a bentopelagic species, which belongs to postmodern. This species is widely distributed in eutrophic freshwater reservoirs and watercourses in Europe and Asia. Domesticated form of C. carpio has been cultured throughout the world, in particular, in Ukraine. Two breeds are brought to Ukraine: Ukrainian flaky and Ukrainian carpet carps and 3 types within the breeds: Ukrainian Slavic Nyvkivsky, Ukrainian flourish Lyubinsky and Ukrainian ramified Lyubinsky. As a result of domestication and crossbreeding with other related species, many varieties of the carp and commercial hybrids have been generated, including a large number of decorative forms. The specimens of C. carpio, that inhabit natural waters, possess external differences in comparison to domesticated carp and have a high capacity to adapt to the conditions of aquatic environment. However, the wild forms of carp are susceptible to various types of anthropogenic impact, and used for bioindication of the ecological state of water bodies. During the recent decades, the number of natural populations of C. carpio decreases due to hybridization of wild carp with domesticated forms and related fish species.
common carp, Сyprinus carpio, carp, fish, ichthyofauna, aquatic ecosystems
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