Visnyk LNAU: Economics of AIC 2018 №25: 144-149
INTERACTION AND INFRASTRUCTION OF ELEMENTS OF INFRASTRUCTURE AGRICULTURAL MARKET ON THE PROCESS OF REALIZATION AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS
Olishchuk P., Candidate of Economic Sciences
Lviv National Agrarian University
Effective functioning of agricultural enterprises is not possible without the sale of their products. The process of realization of agricultural products - this is an essential component of the cycle of finance manufacturing and not only enterprises. From the correct organization of the process of product sales, the continuity of the production process, the results of the activity and profitability depend. When managing large systems, infrastructure plays an important role. Since the country’s economic system consists of a number of interoperable subsystems, one must take into account the fact that under certain conditions one subsystem can become part of the security infrastructure for other subsystems of the economy. Different infrastructure objects influence the process of production, storage, transportation and sale of products at various stages. Moving from the sphere of production to the sphere of consumption, the goods can pass through one or several cus-editors – wholesalers and retailers. Manufacturers are trying to reduce the number of wholesale intermediaries by setting up their own distribution networks. However, commodities of complexity, before entering the retail trade, are sorted in the warehouses of the wholesale chain.
Throughout the way the product moves from manufacturer to consumer to owners of this goods are provided with various services. Services are material (transport, warehouse) and intangible (exhibition, informational, river-lam, customs, etc.). The cost of the services received increases the price of the product itself, and therefore the price and quality of the services received largely depend on retail prices, the efficiency of the goods, the speed of the commodity obigu.
The article identifies the elements of the infrastructure of the agrarian market according to the functional approach: the industrial, commercial, logistical, financial, informational, state and social infrastructure of the agrarian market are allocated. The essence of the concept «infrastructure» and «infrastructure of the agrarian market» are defined. The article presents interconnections between the elements of the infrastructure structure of the agrarian market, which take place in the process of selling agricultural products. The process of sales of agricultural products itself is analyzed and it is indicated which main branches are passing products on the way from the manufacturer to the final consumer. The ways of development of the infrastructure of the agrarian market and its structural elements are offered.
production, market, infrastructure, state, producers, consumers, infrastructure elements, implementation
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