Evaluation of drought tolerance of winter bread wheat varieties of Myronivka breeding in the Central Forest-Steppe of Ukraine

Visnyk LNAU: Agronomy 2020 №24: 141-146

Evaluation of drought tolerance of winter bread wheat varieties of Myronivka breeding in the Central Forest-Steppe of Ukraine

T. Yurchenko, Candidate of Agricultural Sciences
ORCID ID: 0000-0003-0164-4003
S. Pykalo, Candidate of Biological Sciences
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-3158-3830
O. Humeniuk, Candidate of Agricultural Sciences
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-1147-088X
A. Pirych, Candidate of Agricultural Sciences
ORCID ID: 0000-0003-2312-9774
V.M. Remeslo Myronivka Institute of Wheat
of the National Academy of Agrarian Sciences of Ukraine



To estimate the breeding value, 18 varieties of bread winter wheat of Myronivka breeding were investigated for drought tolerance in the conditions of the central part of the Forest-Steppe of Ukraine. The research also identified the sources of tolerance to water deficit. To study the presented varieties in terms of their drought response, the authors of the experiment used the index approach that is widely used by domestic and foreign scientists. The presented studies identified the following indicators, particularly the drought susceptibility index, tolerance index, average yield, yield stability index, yield index, stress tolerance index and average geometric yield.

The yield of varieties varied from 3.15 to 4.49 tons per hectare in the dry, and from 5.58 to 8.37 tons per hectare in the optimal years. The analysis of the obtained data showed that the average yield level in the dry year was by 3.23 tons per hectare lower than the optimal one. The analysis of the specimens in the extreme natural conditions, caused by drought, made it possible to identify some varieties with the increased tolerance to moisture deficiency, which were recommended for growing in arid regions. It was established that, among the studied samples, the Oberih Myronivskyi variety was of the highest breeding value, which according to the evaluation results stood out for all seven drought tolerance indices. The varieties like Trudivnytsia myronivska, MIP Valensiia, Hospodynia myronivska, MIP Dniprianka, Estafeta myronivska, Balada myronivska, MIP Assol and MIP Vyshyvanka were also characterized by relatively high drought tolerance, and were distinguished by four indicators. The highlighted genotypes are recommended as a source of breeding material when creating new varieties of wheat with valuable practical properties.

The results greatly contribute to the study of both theoretical and practical aspects of wheat drought tolerance and can be used as elements of the breeding programs. The current research results will contribute to the more efficient use of the tested varieties both in crop production and in breeding practice.

Key words

bread winter wheat, variety, yield, drought tolerance, indices, sources of drought tolerance

Full text



  1. Bazalii V. V., Domaratskyi Ye. O., Larchenko O. V. Modern varietal composition of soft winter wheat and parameters of its ecological stability under different growing conditions (literature review). Taurida Scientific Journal. Series: Rural Sciences. 2018. № 104. P. 9–15.
  2. Bartels D., Sunkar R. Drought and salt tolerance in plants. Critical Reviews in Plant Sciences. 2005. Vol. 24, № 1. P. 23–58. https://doi.org/10.1080/07352680590910410 
  3. Blum A. Drought resistance, water-use efficiency, and yield potential – are they compatible, dissonant, or mutually exclusive? Australian Journal of Agricultural Research. 2005. Vol. 56, № 11. P. 1159–1168. https://doi.org/10.1071/AR05069 
  4. Bouslama M., Schapaugh W. T. Stress tolerance in soybean. Part 1: evaluation of three screening techniques for heat and drought tolerance. Crop Science. 1984. Vol. 24, № 5. C. 933–937. https://doi.org/10.2135/cropsci1984.0011183X002400050026x 
  5. Cherenkov A. V., Hasanova I. I., Solodushko M. M. Winter wheat – the development and selection of culture in historical perspective. Bulletin Institute of Agriculture of Steppe Zone NAAS of Ukraine. 2014. № 6. P. 3–6.
  6. Farshadfar E., Jamshidi B., Cheghamirza K., da Silva J. A. T. Evaluation of drought tolerance in bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) using in vivo and in vitro techniques. Annals of Biological Research. 2012. Vol. 3, № 1. P. 465–476.
  7. Fernandez C. J. Effective selection criteria for assessing plant stress tolerance. Proceeding of the International Symposium on Adaptation of Vegetables and other Food Crops in Temperature and Water Stress. Aug. 13–16, Shanhua, Taiwan, 1992. Р. 257–270.
  8. Fisher R. A., Maurer R. Drought resistance in spring wheat cultivars. 1. Grain yield responses. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research. 1978. Vol. 29, № 5. Р. 897–912. https://doi.org/10.1071/AR9780897 
  9. Gavuzzi P., Rizza F., Palumbo M. et al. Evaluation of field and laboratory predictors of drought and heat tolerance in winter cereals. Canadian Journals of Plant Science. 1997. Vol. 77, № 4. Р. 523–531. https://doi.org/10.4141/P96-130 
  10. Geravandi M., Farshadfar E., Kahrizi D. Evaluation of some physiological traits as indicators of drought tolerance in bread wheat genotypes. Russian Journal of Plant Physiology. 2011. Vol. 58, № 1. Р. 69–75. https://doi.org/10.1134/S1021443711010067 
  11. Methods of state testing of crops. General part / ed. By V. V. Volkodav. Kyiv: Alefa, 2000. 100 p.
  12. Morhun V. V., Sсhwartau V. V., Kyryzyi D. A. Physiological fundamentals of grain cereals high productivity forming. Physiology and Biochemistry of Cultivated Plants. 2010. Vol. 42, № 5. P. 371–392.
  13. Mwadzingeni L., Shimelis H., Dube E. et al. Breeding wheat for drought tolerance: Progress and technologies. Journal of Integrative Agriculture. 2016. Vol. 15, № 5. Р. 935–943. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2095-3119(15)61102-9 
  14. Raveena, Bharti R., Chaudhary N. Drought resistance in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.): a review. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences. 2019. Vol. 8, № 9. Р. 1780–1792. https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.809.206 
  15. Ribaut J.-M., Poland D. Molecular approaches for the genetic improvement of cereals for stable production in water-limited environments. A Strategic Planning Workshop held at CIMMYT. 21–25 June. El Batan, Mexico, 1999. 180 p.
  16. Rosielle A. A., Hamblin J. Theoretical aspects of selection for yield in stress and non-stress environments. Crop Science. 1981. Vol. 21, № 6. Р. 943–946. https://doi.org/10.2135/cropsci1981.0011183X002100060033x 
  17. Talebi R., Fayaz F., Naji A. M. Effective selection criteria for assessing drought stress tolerance in durum wheat (Triticum durum Desf.). General and Applied Plant Physiology. 2009. Vol. 35, № ½. Р. 64–74.
  18. Vasyliuk P. M. Scrutinizing morpho-agrobiological properties of soft winter wheat new varieties (Triticum aestivum L.). Plant Varieties Studying and Protection. 2013. № 1. Р. 58–61. https://doi.org/10.21498/2518-1017.1(18).2013.58757 
  19. Vus N. O., Kobyzieva L. N., Besuhla O. M. Breeding value of chickpea accessions in terms of drought tolerance in the conditions of the Eastern Forest-Steppe of Ukraine. Scientific reports of NULES of Ukraine. 2017. № 4 (68). URL: http://journals.nubip.edu.ua/index.php/Dopovidi/article/view/9108https://doi.org/10.31548/dopovidi2017.04.008 
  20. Yücel D., Mart D. Drought tolerance in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) genotypes. Turkish Journal of Agricultural and Natural Sciences. 2014. Sp. Is. 1. P. 1299–1303.
  21. Zviahin A. F., Riabchun N. I., Yelnikov M. I. Adaptive potential of winter wheat varieties for breeding of Рlant Production Institute nd. a. V. Ya. Yuryev of UAAS. Plant Breeding and Seed Production. 2008. Vol. 95. Р. 223–229.
титулка Агро