TEMPLE AS A SACRED PARADIGM OF THE NATION

Visnyk LNAU: Architecture and Farm Building 2017 №18: 149-154

TEMPLE AS A SACRED PARADIGM OF THE NATION

Kiuntsli R., PhD of Philology
Stepaniuk A., PhD of Architecture
Lviv National Agrarian University

https://doi.org/10.31734/architecture2017.18.149

Annotation

XXI century introduced to construction and architecture new materials and technologies that are not only rapidly gained popularity on the market, but accelerated urbanization of society, replaced traditional architecture of the region and speed up loss of identity of regional architecture. Since independence of Ukraine these processes spread onto the sacral architecture of Ukraine, which has always been a pinnacle of sacred architecture. The culture of the creation of sacral architecture in Ukraine was in danger of losing its skills and traditions of temple building. Skillful use of Ukrainian traditions in the temple buildings, the filling of the traditional interior with new materials, volumetric and spatial solutions in a combination of traditional and modern is a way of reconciling new creative processes in sacred architecture, as well as creating harmony in the psychological environment, which for centuries formed the Ukrainian spirituality . Ukrainian temple architecture was always filled with vivid images that accompanied the holy liturgy. These images were close and understandable to Ukrainians because icon painters and artists (spiritual people) worked there, who, through their deep theological knowledge, spirituality , fasting and obedience, overlooked each image through their understanding and vision. The visualization of the sacred world in the acoustic accompaniment of the divine liturgy made it possible to feel the presence of God in the temple, creating the aura of a mystical and mysterious, sacred and sublime.6:21 PMToday, a Christian who enters a painted solid temple would not be able to read anything on the walls. He is limited in the knowledge of God, the Christian religion. Universalism penetrates the temple with those who want to break away from traditions and emphasize their cosmopolitanism. Appointment of any kind of art is to convey and share with the surrounding emotions reflected in artistic works. Unlike the other, the art of creating sacred architecture is not only in the artistic reflection and transfer of the author's emotions to the observer, but also in the true image of the House of God, the image of which was transmitted from generation to generation by symbols and described to us by a Bible.To create the image of the temple, you first need to find out what the house of the Lord really is for a Christian, a model of the kingdom of heaven, Heavenly Jerusalem. Stability and statics. Regardless of the time, the church remains intact in the sense of Christ's morality. So, in the architecture of the Christian temple there can be no aggressive dynamism. The church does not follow the whims of time, it is stable and unshakable in its teaching. The teaching of Christ can not be understood at different times in different ways. Christ was, is and will be what he was 2000 years ago. This stability should be traced in the volume-spatial resolution of the temple.Grace and pacification are the main emotions that a Christian must experience in the temple. Pastel tones, smooth lines, unobtrusive ornamental compositions, frescos from the history of the lives of saints and Christ, the blessed faces of the saints - this is what creates the atmosphere of the divine. The interior of the temple is its sacredness. The temple, filled with mysterious divine symbols, makes it mystical and calling. Tradition and reverence. The Ukrainian Christian church is directly related to the tradition. The most powerful protectors of Ukrainian traditions were Andrei Sheptytsky, Joseph Slipy, Lyubomyr Husar, Filaret.

Key words

Ukrainian church, tradition, universalism, cosmopolitism

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