Visnyk LNAU: Architecture and Farm Building 2017 №18: 116-119
GARDENS ON MAN-MADE FOUNDATIONS IN MODERN URBAN PLANNING
О. Silnyk, Candidate of Architecture, Associate Professor at the Department of Architecture and Planning of rural settlements
Lviv National Agrarian University
Gardens on man-made foundations are one the main means of eliminating of anthropogenic factors in modern cities. The idea of such landscape objects dates back to ancient times, but today it is quite relevant.
Gardens on man-made foundations make possible solving some problems which exist in any modern megalopolis: traffic interchange of pedestrian and vehicle routes at different levels; improve environment; reduce noise from urban transport; create additional green recreational spaces.
The history of urban planning gives many examples of gardens on man-made foundations. In the wide range of gardens there can be distinguished gardens on platforms above the highways and squares, gardens on man-made islands, earth bank gardens - terrace gardens, waste bank gardens and open cast gardens etc. As a result, these gardens reclamate and restore the environment disturbed by human activities
Designing these kinds of gardens it is always necessary to overcome some features and permanent effects related and consequent to human activities. The landscape design of these gardens can be evaluated as these negative effects are manageable to be neutralized.
Among design decisions of gardens on man-made foundations there are widespread those ones on platforms above the highways and squares. Their construction solves the following tasks: traffic interchange of pedestrian and vehicle routes at different levels; improve environment; reduce noise from urban transport; create additional green recreational spaces.
The size and configuration of a garden on a platform is defined by: the construction site relief; urban setting; functions of the garden.
The ecological situation in modern cities requires reconsidering of the relationship to the natural environment. At the same time already designed or built blocks comprise a minimum area for landscape gardening. Gardens arranged on man-made platforms can solve some problems. Green platforms represent a kind of combination of nature with modern technology, building structures, urban environment. Of course, the arrangement of green gardens requires a lot of labor inputs and funds. However, their environmental and practical benefits for urban environment should be noted.
gardens, artificial bases, anthropogenic factors, the city, the ecological situation, planning of streets and neighborhoods, walking and highways
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